Where is your Liver

Where is your Liver Located in Your Body

The Liver is the second largest organ in the body. It is located in the abdomen and sits just below the diaphragm in the right upper quadrant. It an organ that is always busy. All that you eat must first passes through liver to be metabolized before it is goes anywhere in the body. The only thing that does not go through the liver is fats that go through the lymphatic system. The liver is also responsible for making of bile that assists in breaking down of fat in the small intestines a process also known as de-amination. The liver also stores other substances.

The liver has two surfaces. The first surface is the diaphragmatic surface which is made up of the anterior, the superior surface and some part of posterior surface, and the second surface is visceral surface and is found in the posteroinferior surface.

The liver has a cover known as the peritoneum which covers most of it except for the posterior section that touches the diaphragm, porta hepatis and the bed of the gall bladder. Porta hepatis is the opening that allows the passage of the hepatic portal vein, nerves, ducts, hepatic artery and the lymphatic vessels. The visceral surface has contact with the following organs: stomach, duodenum, right kidney, right colic flexure of the colon and the suprarenal gland.

The liver has been divided into two lobes by a ligament known as the falciform ligament. The right lobe is larger than the left lobe. The falciform ligament is a fold of peritoneum and it extends from the liver to the umbilicus. The falciform creates the round ligament of the liver.

The fissures or grooves father divide the liver into two sections. The right sagittal fissure which is formed by the depressionof the gall bladder and a groove that makes creates room for the inferior vena cava and the left sagittal fissure which is formed by the depression for the round ligament of the liver on the front side and the fissure of the ligamentum venosum on the back side.

The right and the left sagittal fissures divide the right lobe to include the quadrate lobe and the caudate lobe.

The nerves in the liver are brought in by the hepatic plexus, which is made up of sympathetic fibers from the celiac plexus and also the parasympathetic fibers from the vagal trunks.

The blood supply of the liver comes from the hepatic artery and the hepatic portal vein. The hepatic artery brings in oxygenated blood to the liver while the hepatic portal vein carries venous blood from the abdominal part of the digestive system. It has other blood vessels such as right colic vein, short gastric veins and gastro-omental veins

The lymph is drained from the liver by the lymphatic vessels. The lymphatic vessels include superficial and deep lymphatic vessels.

The bile duct allows for the bile secreted by the liver to be drain to the duodenum. The end of the bile duct is surrounded by the sphincter of the bile duct.

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David Smith

David Smith

David Smith is a chief editor and a wellness coach and fitness blogger for http://thefactoryfitnessclub.com. He loves to share his knowledge about the different ways of staying fit and healthy and helps people to conquer over health related issues and maintain their fitness regime.

Website: www.thefactoryfitnessclub.com