All About Appendicitis

What is appendicitis?

Appendicitis refers to a health condition in which the appendix becomes inflamed, filled with pus and swollen.An appendix refers to a small pouch that looks more like the small finger located on the right-hand-side of the human abdomen. It’s linked to the colon. It is believed that appendicitis commence once the opening that connects the appendix to the cecum gets blocked. The blockage may be due to stool that may have entered the appendix from the cecum or due to accumulation of thick mucus within the appendix.


The stool or mucus then hardens into a rock like substance which blocks the opening. The rock is mainly referred to as a facalith or a rock of stool in layman language. Other times, the blockage may be caused by swellings of the lymphatic system around the appendix. once the blockage has occurred, the bacteria which are normally present in the appendix start to invade the wall of the appendix. The body then responds with a counter attack called inflammation.

An alternative cause of appendicitis is an initial rapture of the appendix followed by a spread of harmful bacteria outside the appendix. They cause of this rapture is unclear but doctors believe it is related to changes in the lymphatic tissues that lines the walls of the appendix. A good example of such a change is an inflammation. When an inflammation or a bacterial infection spreads through the wall of the appendix, it raptures. After which the infection can easily spread throughout the abdomen. However, the infection is mainly severe at a small area surrounding the appendix forming peri-appendiceal abscess

Symptoms of appendicitis

The initial symptom of appendicitis is usually a little pain in any part of the stomach. But as the condition intensifies, the pain becomes well defined in the lower right hand side of the abdomen which is called the MCBurny point. Other symptoms that are rampant in appendicitis patients include, progressively worsening pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, inability to pass gas, fever, constipation and loss of appetite


Complications related to appendicitis>


Once the appendix ruptures, it releases the infection to the whole abdomen and as a result the patient develops peritonitis. The peritoneum which is a thin membrane that cover the inside of the abdomen, and also enclose some abdominal organs becomes inflamed. This results to cessation of bowel movements. Consequently, the bowel becomes blocked. The patient then develops a fever and can easily go into shock. Note that peritonitis requires immediate treatment.


If the infection gets out of the appendix and spread to other intestinal organs, it may result to formation of an abscess. Which if not treated causes peritonitis. Sometimes, abscesses can be treated with antibiotics and other times they are drained surgically using a tube inserted in the abdomen.


Doctors argue that consumption of high fiber diet serves to reduce chances of developing appendixes. Although this has not been proved scientifically, studies have shown that countries with high fiber content in their diet have low incidences of appendicitis compared to others.

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David Smith

David Smith

David Smith is a chief editor and a wellness coach and fitness blogger for He loves to share his knowledge about the different ways of staying fit and healthy and helps people to conquer over health related issues and maintain their fitness regime.